Single and ThreePhase AC Power Calculator
The measurements must be precise when choosing electrical equipment or when working with single or threephase circuits. If you don't like to count kW and Amps manually — we have a solution! Our online AC power calculator can help you convert electrical power into current and viceversa for singlephase and threephase electric power.
Below, we will teach you how to use our power calculator and tell you about formulas for these measurements. Let's dive in!
How to Use a Power Calculator?
Do you want to convert Amps to kW (or the other way around) without doing mathematical calculations? No problem!
Our singlephase and 3phase power calculator is elementary to use. Just fill the fields with the necessary data, including the current type, voltage, and power factor. The calculator will do everything automatically.
AC Power Calculator — kW to Amps

Current type

AC  SinglePhase power calculation

AC  ThreePhase power calculation

DC


Current in Amps

Voltage type

Linetoline

Linetoneutral


Voltage (in volts)

Enter power factor

Calculate; Reset; Swap;


Power results (milliwatts)

Power results (watts)

Power results (kilowatts)
Ampere (A or Amp) and kilowatts (kW) are two different parameters of electricity. What do they mean?
Ampere indicates the number of currents drawn by the load. Kilowatts is the amount of consumed power by the load at any instant. In short, amperes measure the current, while kilowatts measure the power.
How can you convert amps to kilowatts for 3phase, 1phase alternating current (AC), or direct current (DC) electric power?
Kilowatts can't be converted to amps directly. The amount of current or power depends on the power factor, type of current, and voltage type.
However, you can get precise measurements by converting these metrics with formulas. Alternatively, you can use our kilowatts to amps threephase converter, as well as a singlephase and DC power calculator.
What Is SinglePhase Electric Power?
Phase means the electric load distribution by either a singlephase or a threepower supply.
Singlephase electric power is typically used in domestic supplies, residential homes, and small offices. In other words, it works for appliances that need a small amount of power (refrigerators, lights, heaters, TVs, and similar tech).
The standard for singlephase power distribution in the US stands at 120 volt AC power at 60 hertz (frequency). Each hertz stands for the number of electricity changes happening within a wire each second. We should note that AC power can switch polarity, unlike DC voltage power.
How to Calculate SinglePhase Power?
Here are the formulas you can use for singlephase power calculation.
Kilowatts from Amps
kW = PF × A × V / 1000
In this formula, the amount of power (in kW) is equal to the power factor of the load (PF) multiplied by the phase current measured in Amps (A), times the RMS voltage (V), and divided by 1000.
Amps from Kilowatts
A = 1000 × kW / (PF × V)
The A stands for phase current, which equals kW (power) multiplied by 1000, then divided by the power factor (PF) multiplied by the RMS voltage (V).
What Is ThreePhase AC Power?
Threephase electric power is the common type of AC power generation and distribution, widely used for loads larger than 1000 watts. Unlike singlephase power supply, 3phase power needs less aluminum or copper, has a greater conductor efficiency, and sustains large power loads. It also provides an overall greater density, thus optimizing energy consumption.
For more accurate power calculation, a formula for 3phase applications must account the type of power configuration. The two most common configurations are delta (used only three wires) and wey (has a fourth neutral wire).
A threephase electric power supply is typically found in commercial and industrial facilities with large motors, manufacturing equipment, capacity air conditioners, and other heavyload applications.
Now, for the main topic. How do you transfer amps to kilowatts in threephase circuit (and viceversa)?
3 Phase Power Formula Calculation
Here are the equations you can use for threephase power calculation. Keep in mind that the 3phase power formula will be different for linetoline and neutral voltages.
Kilowatts from Amps (linetoline voltage)
kW = √3 × PF × A × V / 1000
The power (kW) equals the square root of three (√3) multiplied by the power factor (PF) times the current (Amps or A), times the linetoline RMS voltage (V) divided by 1000.
Kilowatts from Amps (linetoneutral voltage)
kW = 3 × PF × A × V / 1000
You can calculate 3phase power from amps to kW with linetoneutral voltage just as you would with linetoline voltage. The only difference is that the square root of three (√3) is replaced by a number three (3), and linetoline RMS is replaced by linetoneutral RMS voltage in the equation.
Amps from Kilowatts (linetoline voltage)
A = 1000 × kW / (√3 × PF × V)
The phase current (A) equals 1000 times the kilowatts (kW), divided by the square root of three multiplied by the power factor (PF), multiplied by the linetoline RMS voltage (V).
Amps from Kilowatts (linetoneutral voltage)
A = 1000 × kW / (3 × PF × V)
For a 3phase power supply calculation, you need to multiply 1000 by the power (kW), divided by three times the power factor times linetoneutral RMS voltage (V).
What Is the Power Factor?
Now, we've mentioned the power factor (PF) several times in the formulas. It refers to the ratio between the real and apparent power dissipated by an AC circuit to the electrically powered product.
Real power means electrical power used by the devices, while apparent power (reactive power) means electricity supplied to the AC circuit.
The power factor value ranges from zero to one, depending on the resistive and real load.

The power factor stands at zero (0) when all power is reactive power.

The power factor stands at one (1) when all power is real (without reactive power).
How to Calculate Power Factor?
There are many PF equations based on the type of power and current. Let's go through every power factor formula.
The power factor for sinusoidal current is equal to the absolute cosine value of the apparent power phase. The apparent power phase angle will be marked as φ in the formulas below.
To calculate real power in watts:
W = VA × PF = VA × cos φ
The real power equals apparent power in voltampere (VA) multiplied by the PF factor.
Resistive impedance load
PF(resistive load) = P / S = 1
The real power in resistive impedance loads equals apparent power (S), with the power factor (PF) standing at 1 (one).
Voltamps reactive POWER
Q = VA × sin φ
The reactive power (Q) in voltamperage reactive equals the apparent power in voltampere (VA) multiplied by the sine of the phase angle.
Singlephase power FORMULA
PF = cos φ = 1000 × kW / (V × A)
To calculate the power factor from a singlephase circuit, you need to multiply 1000 by the power in kilowatts (kW), divided by RMS voltage (V) times phase current in amperes (A).
3phase power FORMULA (linetoline)
PF = cos φ = 1000 × kW / (√3 × V × A)
Linetoline 3phase power calculation for power factor is 1000 multiplied by power in kilowatts (kW), then divided by the square root of three multiplied by the linetoline RMS voltage (V) times phase current in amps (A).
3phase power (linetoneutral)
PF = cos φ = 1000 × kW / (3 × V × A)
To measure the PF for linetoneutral 3phase power, multiply 1000 by kilowatts (kW), then divide by three times linetoneutral RMS voltage (V) times amps (A).
Converting kW to Amps
Do you want to convert kilowatts to amps? It's possible to calculate this data using a simple formula (provide you know the power factor). The formula is:
I = P / (√3 × PF × V)
In this equation, I stands for the current (amps), P stands for the related power (measured in watts), PF is the power factor, and V is the voltage.
If your power measures in thousands of watts, it'll be easier to convert data to watts by multiplying it by 1000. You also need to make sure your voltage measures in kilovolts (kV).
Let's give you an example using the formula above. If your power factor is 0.8, and you have 1.5 kW (1500 W) power and a steady 220 voltage (V), the calculation will be:
I = 1,500 / (√3 × 0.8 × 220) = 4.92 A
Just like that, you can convert watts and kilowatts to amperes.
Converting Amps to kW
Now, let's do the reverse. For amps to kilowatt conversion, use the following formula:
P = √3 × PF × I × V
The markings are the same here. P is power, the power factor is PF, I is the current (amps), and V stands for voltage.
For our next example, we will use the same voltage (220 V) and power factor (0.8) and have a 4.92 A current. Now, let's convert amps to kilowatts:
P = √3 × 0.8 × 4.92 × 220 = 1500 W = 1.5 kW
Conclusion
As you can see, calculating and converting amps to kilowatts and viceversa is pretty easy. However, it can be a little timeconsuming to use formulas for 3phase apparent power calculation.
If you want to get precise measurements without any hassle — use our online AC power calculator, as it will help you find the best electrical supplies for your systems.
Blackhawk Supply has a wide assortment of HVAC, plumbing, and electrical equipment. Choose relays, enclosures, transformers, power supplies, and other devices!
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